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There are many ways to achieve optimal health, usually involving diet and exercise. To maintain a healthy diet, it’s crucial to understand the building blocks and approach healthy eating with a positive attitude.
The key? A healthy and sustainable diet should include the following five food groups, which provide your body with the best balance of macro and micronutrients:
Macronutrients include carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, which are the foundational building blocks of a healthy and balanced diet. Carbohydrates provide you with the energy needed to complete day-to-day activities and can be found in vegetables, fruits, and grains. Protein can help build and repair your muscles. Main sources of protein include milk and meats, as well as their alternatives. Those two food groups are also sources of healthy fats that not only provide a sustainable energy source but also help absorb fat-soluble vitamins and regulate temperature.
Micronutrients are vitamins and minerals that support daily functions and should be consumed in smaller amounts. Before you take out your food scales and measuring cups, however, consider following the MyPlate method, developed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).
The USDA replaced MyPyramid with MyPlate in 2011. MyPlate makes it easier to get your nutrients from all five food groups because it provides a visual guide to help you consume the appropriate portions at each meal rather than throughout the entire day. So how exactly does this method help you eat healthfully?
MyPlate also suggests the amount of dairy that should be consumed at every meal. This food group, which includes dairy products and dairy alternatives, is the key to getting adequate calcium for strong, healthy bones. The USDA recommends that adults and children over the age of eight consume three cups of dairy each day. The majority of Americans receive calcium from dairy products like milk and cheese, but there are alternative sources of calcium that are often overlooked.
Consuming an adequate amount of healthy foods in the right portions can be challenging. However, MyPlate is an effective tool and guide to make sure that you stay on track! There are a lot of combinations you can make on your plate — check these out for some inspiration:
So the next time you need ideas for a balanced meal, try the MyPlate method and begin filling your plate with healthy goodies one section at a time!
Gigi Kwok-Hinsley, DrPH, M.S., R.D., is a Registered Dietitian with a Doctorate in Public Health in the Greater Los Angeles area specializing in nutrition and public health research with experience in adult weight management, school nutrition and health and wellness. Dr. Kwok-Hinsley completed her doctorate in public health at Loma Linda University School of Public Health with an emphasis in preventive care and health care management. She conducted research in bitter taste sensitivity as it relates to a patient’s risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Outside of work and school, she is actively involved in the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.
An avid runner and ball hockey player, Gigi also holds a deep understanding of the relationship between evidence-based nutrition and sports performance. With 7 marathons under her belt, Gigi qualified for the Boston Marathon in 2015.
In the past, Gigi held positions in clinical nutrition research at the Veteran Affairs Hospital – West Los Angeles and Kaiser Permanente in health education. She is also an adjunct professor at Mount San Antonio Community College in Los Angeles.
Beside working and running, Gigi enjoys cooking and baking for friends and family.
Gigi holds a Bachelor’s Degree from the University of California, San Diego and received her dietetics training from the Coordinated Dietetics Program at California State University, Los Angeles.